Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2017, 65, 807-814
Published online 2017-07-03

Resistance Spot Welding of Steel Sheets of the Same and Different Thickness

Milan Brožek1, Alexandra Nováková1, Ota Niedermeier2

1Department of Material Science and Manufacturing Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Praha 6 – Suchdol, Czech Republic
2AŽD Praha, spol. s r. o., Žirovnická 2, 106 00 Praha 10 – Záběhlice, Czech Republic

Resistance welding ranks among progressive and in practice often used manufacturing techniques of rigid joints. It is applied in single‑part production, short‑run production as well as in mass production. The basis of this method is in the utilization of the Joulean heat, which arises at the passage of current through connected sheets at collective influence of compressive force. The aim of the carried out tests was the determination of the dependence between the rupture force of spot welds made using steel sheets of the same and different thickness for different welding conditions. For carrying out of this aim 360 assemblies were prepared. The sheets (a total of 720 pieces) of dimensions 100 × 25 mm and thickness of 0.8 mm, 1.5 mm and 3.0 mm were made from low carbon steel. In the place determined for welding the test specimens were garnet blasted and then degreased with acetone. The welding of two specimens always of the same (0.8+0.8 mm, 1.5+1.5 mm a 3.0+3.0 mm) and different (0.8 + 1.5 mm, 0.8+3.0 mm a 1.5+3.0 mm) thickness was carried out using the welding machine type BV 2,5.21. At this type the welding current value is constant (Imax = 6.4 kA). The welding time (the time of the passage of the current) was changed in the whole entirety, namely 0.10 s, 0.15 s, 0.20 s, 0.25 s, 0.3 s, 0.4 s, 0.6 s, 0.8 s, 1.0 s, 1.3 s, 1.6 s and 2.0 s. The compressive force was chosen according to the thickness of the connected sheets in the range from 0.8 to 2.4 kN. From the results of carried out tests it follows that using the working variables recommended by the producer we obtain the quality welds. But it we use the longer welding times, we can obtain stronger welds, namely up to 21 % compared to welds made using working variables recommended by the producer.


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