Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2012, 60, 375-382
Published online 2013-07-19

Evaluation of the conformation of stallions of selected horse breeds

Tereza Petlachová, Eva Sobotková, Iva Jiskrová, Markéta Píšová, Iveta Bihuncová, Hana Černohorská, Martina Kosťuková

Ústav chovu a šlechtění zvířat, Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Česká republika

The aim of this study was to evaluate the conformation of stallions of the breeds American Quarter Horse (AQH), American Paint Horse (APH), Appaloosa (Appa), the Lipizzaner horse (LH) and the Old Kladruby horse (OKH). Representatives of these breeds are characterized as the descendants of horses on the base of the Arab-Berber blood. Western breeds (AQH, APH, Appa) due to different environmental conditions, nutrition and the other structure under the influence of a different type of use, type of riding demands differed considerably from the original Spanish-type horses. It was measured a total of 24 body dimensions. Representatives of The American western breeds are statistically highly conclusively (P ≤ 0.01) in 23 of the 24 observed effects. To be precise, they are: smaller wither height as measured by stick, lower at the tail-set, longer neck, narrower chest, longer oblique body length, wider front pelvis length, longer pelvis bones, longer femur bones, shorter hind cannons.
A statistically significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) was found in the length of the humerus, where the Old Kladruby Horse has a humerus that is longer by 2.34 cm than that of the APH.
The Lipizzaner horse differs statistically highly conclusively (P ≤ 0.01) from the Appaloosa and Old Kladruby horse in the tape length of its head.


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