Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2012, 60, 379-386
Published online 2013-08-07

Competitiveness of Slovak agri-food commodities in third country markets

Iveta Ubrežiová, Zuzana Kapsdorferová, Ingrida Sedliaková

Katedra manažmentu, Fakulta ekonomiky a manažmentu Slovenskej poľnohospodárskej univerzity v Nitre, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovenská republika

The impression of a single “European” market is gradually generated mainly due to action of the Common Agricultural Policy. Most of the agro-food complex enterprises see opportunities especially in the internationalization, globalization and regionalization in the agri-food sector, in pursuance of this, they are gradually smouldering innovative activities and trying to work on their competitive advantages. Based on the written we can say, that the issue of the competitiveness of enterprises, as well as of various commodities is in the current period highly current and adequate.
The importance of the trade with so-called third countries is still increasing. This increase is mainly caused by the enlargement of the European Union in the term of foreign trade and it can be also confirmed from the results of the research.
As the results of the research shows, the most important customers of the Slovak agri-food commodities are the Commonwealth of Independent States, where in the followed four-year period went within third countries at the average of 32.9% of the total Slovak agriculture export, also countries of EUROMED, where this proportion was 18.4%, and Croatia, with the proportion of 19.1%. These countries are the largest buyers of such Slovak agri-food commodities as are for example malt, chocolate and live cattle. On the other hand, Slovak republic is in agri-food import mostly dependent on such countries as are for example MERCOSUR countries, Mediterranean countries EUROMED, the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP), China, ASEAN and the U.S., which are the major suppliers of so-called „irreplaceable“ items, which Slovak republic can not produce.
Results of the research also shows that while the importance of the trade with those countries (note- third countries) is still increasing, Slovak export to third countries, in the contrast to its import, is still decreasing and that the most competitive agri-food commodities are for example live animals, milk and cream and whey.


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