Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2012, 60, 111-116
Published online 2013-10-05

Growth of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) on originally agricultural land in the region of the White Carpathians

Jaroslav Simon, Zdeněk Adamec

Ústav hospodářské úpravy lesů, Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Zemědělská 3, 613 00, Brno, Česká republika

At the Ploščiny-Triangl locality belonging to the northernmost part of the CHKO Bílé Karpaty (Protected Landscape Area White Carpathians), altitude 739 m, typological unit – Nutrient Rich Fir-Beech Forest, comparative analysis was carried out of selected biometrical quantities of the time series of stands originated on former agricultural land and stands originated by the alternation of forest generations. On the basis of examinations it is possible to formulate following conclusions:
- the height increment culmination occurs at stands originated on former agricultural land earlier, viz. at an age of about 20 years;
- on the other hand, the culmination of volume increment related to a mean stem occurs later, at current increment at an age of 80 years, at a mean increment at an age of 140 years;
- the growth curve of a mean stand height of both variants is analogical up to an age of about 20–25 years, further values of stands established on former agricultural land are lower approaching an asymptote of 30 m;
- stands of both variants do not show symptoms of rot or other damage to the reference period of about 150 years.
As for the current condition of natural regeneration of silver fir and succession distribution on unused agricultural land it is possible to state that it is considerably reduced on the basis of intensive pressure of particularly red deer.


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