Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2009, 57, 213-220
Published online 2014-10-10

Changes in amino acid profile of alfalfa silage preserved by chemical and biological additives during fermentation

Jaroslava Michálková, Daniel Bíro, Miroslav Juráček, Milan Šimko, Branislav Gálik

Slovenská poľnohospodárska univerzita v Nitre, Fakulta agrobiológie a potravinových zdrojov, Trieda Andreja Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovenská republika

Changes in amino acid profile of alfalfa silage preserved with chemical or biological additives were studied in fresh and wilted silage. The chemical additive was formic acid and the biological additive consisted of Lactobacillus rhamnosus, L. plantarum, L. brevis, L. buchneri and Pediococcus pentosaceus. Second cut alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) was harvested at the bloom stage, ensiled in mini silos (15 dm3) and fermented at 20–23 °C for 12 weeks. The dry matter of the fresh silage was 228 g . kg−1 and 281.6 g . kg−1 for the wilted before ensiling. The amino acid content was estimated by using an automatic amino acid analyzer AAA (INGOS Prague). The results of the experiments indicated that amino acid breakdown was inhibited by increased dry matter and the use of chemical and biological additive. Additionally, the content of amino acids was found to change in relation to the degree of wilting and formic acid treatment yielded the lowest amino acid breakdown. The amino acid breakdown was also reduced by biological preservative especially in the silage with a higher level of dry matter content.


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