Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2020, 68, 877-884
Published online 2020-11-01

Efficiency Development in the German Pharmaceutical Market

Tim Gaebert, Michaela Staňková

Department of Statistics and Operation Analysis, Faculty of Business and Economics, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

Received July 25, 2020
Accepted September 4, 2020

Changes in Germany legislation since 2009 significantly limited the operation of German pharmacies. Since then, there has been a steady decline in the total number of pharmacies. This article deals with the efficiency change within the German retail and wholesale pharmaceutical sectors in the years 2009 to 2016. The efficiency calculation was based on the nonparametric data envelopment analysis method and the Malmquist index was used to evaluate changes. Two components of Malmquist index were also monitored separately, capturing changes in the area of technical efficiency and changes in the area of the production possibility set. The results point to the increasing efficiency which means that decreasing number of pharmacies is caused by concentration tendencies rather than by negative effects of government decisions.


This article was supported by the grant No. PEF/TP/2020002 of the Internal Grant Agency PEF MENDELU.


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