Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2019, 67, 9-18

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201967010009
Published online 2019-02-28

Coconut Water and IAA Effect on the In Vitro Growth of Tribulus terrestris L.

Enik Akhiriana1, Samanhudi2, Ahmad Yunus2

1Department of Agronomy, Graduate Program, Sebelas Maret University, Ir. Sutami Street 36 A, Surakarta 571 26, Indonesia
2Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Ir. Sutami Street 36 A, Surakarta 571 26, Indonesia

Received September 5, 2018
Accepted December 19, 2018

Tribulus (Tribulus terrestris L.) is a medicinal plant with considerable implementation such as aphrodisiac and anti‑inflammation drugs. This research was conducted to study the effectivity of coconut water and IAA (Indole‑3‑acetic acid) application on various concentration as the growth regulator for tribulus growth on the in vitro and its effect toward observation variables. The material used were cotyledon from tribulus embryo and MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium. The research method used a Completely Randomized Design with first factor of coconut water concentration of 0 mL L-1, 50 mL L-1, 100 mL L-1, and 150 mL L-1 and IAA concentration of 0 ppm, 0.15 ppm, 0.20 ppm, and 0.25 ppm as the second factor. Observed variables were shoots emergence time, number of shoots, shoot height, number of leaves, roots emergence time, number of roots and regression between observation variables. The result showed that the combination of 150 mL L-1 coconut water and 0.25 ppm IAA gave the highest shoot height, roots emergence time, and number of roots. Coconut water treatment on 150 mL L-1 concentration alone gave the best result on shoots emergence time, number of shoots, and number of leaves, while IAA concentration of 0.25 ppm independently gave the highest number of leaves. Regression analysis result indicate that the number of roots has a positive correlation with shoots height, number of shoots and number of leaves.

Funding

The authors would like to thank The Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of Indonesia who has funded this research through the scheme of Insentif Riset SINas (INSINas).

References

21 live references