Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2017, 65, 299-310

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201765010299
Published online 2017-02-28

The Success of Economic Policies in Russia: Dependence on Crude Oil vs. Export Diversification

Elena Kuzmenko1, Luboš Smutka1, Mikhail Pankov2, Nadezhda Efimova3

1Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague; Kamycka 129, 165 21 Prague–6 Suchdol, Czech Republic
2Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Faculty of Economics and Finance, St. Petersburg State University of Economics; Sadovaya street 21, 191023 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
3Department of Corporate Finance and Business Valuation, Faculty of Economics and Finance. St. Petersburg State University of Economics; Sadovaya street 21, 191023 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

In the light of numerous debates around Russia’s dependence on crude oil and the necessity to diversify the Russian economy, the present paper investigates how closely federal budget revenues, structure of export basket and GDP growth in Russia are tied up with crude oil prices (POIL) on the one hand and the real effective exchange rate of ruble (REER) on the other. The study covers the period from 2000:Q1 till 2014:Q4 and employs index analysis along with vector error correction model (VECM) based on Johansen co‑integration technique. The calculated REER revealed its significant appreciation, that together with a high share of mineral products in total Russian exports points to Dutch disease presence. The constructed econometric models revealed the existence of long‑run relationships among the analyzed indicators. Post‑estimation tests proved the validity of the VECMs. According to the obtained results, in order to stimulate “non‑oil” exports monetary authorities should depreciate national currency, whilst fiscal burden should be mild towards “non oil” producers. However, the observed dynamics of macroeconomic indicators points to the fact that the Russian economy is still substantially influenced by POIL and this influence is much more stronger than it is exerted by fiscal and monetary regulators. It allows us to conclude that crude oil will continue to play, at least in foreseeable future, a dominant role in further development of the Russian economy.

Funding

This article was prepared on the materials of the research project “Is there any possibility for functional co‑operation of the post‑soviet countries?” performed within the internal grant No. 20161014, provided by the Internal Grant Agency of the Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague.

References

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