Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2015, 63, 411-418

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563020411
Published online 2015-05-10

The Influence of Propolis as Supplement Diet on Broiler Meat Growth Performance, Carcass Body Weight, Chemical Composition and Lipid Oxidation Stability

Peter Haščík1, Ibrahim Omer Elimam1, Miroslav Kročko1, Marek Bobko1, Miroslava Kačániová2, Jozef Garlík1, Milan Šimko3, Ahmed Ali Saleh4

1Department of the Evaluation and Processing of Animal Products, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
3Department of Poultry and Small Livestock, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
4Department of Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, 33516 Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt

The present experiment was aimed to study the effect of the propolis extract as supplement diet on the broiler chickens growth performance, breast and thigh weights, meat chemical composition and lipid oxidation stability. A total of 120 chicks in one day old, which were divided into 4 groups (n = 30) for 42 days.To the experimental groups were added propolis extract in doses of 200 mg.kg−1 (II), 300 mg.kg−1 (III) and 400 mg.kg−1 (IV). At the end of the experiment the results were shown that the body weight gain after 21 and 42 days has been increased and there were found significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) between control and experimental groups also the feed intake has been increased and there were (P ≤ 0.05). The FCR was higher in the control group. The carcass body weight breast and thigh weights were increased and there were no significant differences while, the abdominal fat and liver weights were decreased. No significant difference was occurred on chemical composition of breast and thigh muscles, whereasthe muscle moisture tends to increase and fat content and energy value were decreased. Interestingly, thelipid oxidation stability measured as TBARS during the freezing storage for 6 months has been decreasedmalondialdehyde (MDA) in the experimental groups and there were found significant (P ≤ 0.05) in the breast musclesbetween control group and experimental groups. From the present study were concluded after administration the propolis extract that broilergrowth performance has been increased and the lipid oxidation (MDA) during the freezing storage (−18 °C) have been decreased.

Funding

This work was supported by the VEGA grants from the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic, grant No. 1/0129/13.

References

57 live references