Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2015, 63, 23-28

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563010023
Published online 2015-03-14

The Effect of Increasing Numbers of Horses of Undefined Breed on Horse Breeding in the Czech Republic

Iveta Bihuncová, Iva Jiskrová, Martina Kosťuková, Hana Černohorská, Ivana Oravcová, Eva Sobotková

Department of Animal Breeding, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

The objective of the present study was to analyse the numbers and division of horses of undefined breed. At the present time this group is the most numerous in the entire population of horses. Horses of undefined breed do not come under any breeder union which would provide reports about these horses; these horses are only registered and breeders are informed only about their numbers. Our study is the first to deal with the problem of increasing numbers of horses of undefined breed. The database contained 22 211 horses not entered registered in any of the stud books. In the database we filed approved horses born between 1972 and 1 September 2012 and horses registered from 1987. The data were processed in the Excel programme and results were evaluated in graphs. The most frequent horse in this group was the warm-blood type (n = 9 303), pony type (n = 6 285), cold-blooded type (n = 2 663) and unlisted horses (n = 2 278). Since 2001 the number of registered horses of undefined breed has increased. The most numerous dams of horses of undefined breed is the Czech warm-blood with 1 912 offspring; dams of the English Thoroughbred with 552 offspring and mares of the utility Huzule horse with 492 offspring. In the group of registered horses of undefined breed the Czech warm-blood appears in the pedigree of 507 colts and the American Paint Horse in the pedigree of sires of 506 colts. Why the numbers of horses of undefined breed are increasing is the boom of leisure horsemanship and unqualified horse breeding.

Funding

This project was funded by IGA TP 2/2013.

References

10 live references