Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2008, 56, 255-266
Published online 2014-11-14

Influence of preemergently applied herbicides on the yield and quality of caraway achenes (Carum carvi L.)

Antonín Vaculík

AGRITEC, výzkum, šlechtění a služby, s.r.o. Šumperk, oddělení ochrany rostlin, Zemědělská 16, 787 01 Šumperk, Česká republika

Caraway has very low competitive ability against most of weed species. Therefore, it is important to choose a suitable herbicide control, especially at biennial caraway. The experiments with the herbicides applied in caraway were found in pure growth, with variety Kepron (with standard length of ve­ge­ta­ti­ve period). The aim of the trials was to find out the differences at achenes yiled and essential oil content after the treatment by the various herbicides, applied preemergently. Also, the selective ac­ti­vi­ty of individual herbicides was tested, including the different doses. The herbicides used in the ex­pe­ri­ments had enough level of selektivity on the plants of caraway. They had a positive effect on the yiled comparing to non-treated control variant in all observed years. There was no statistically significant difference in essential oil kontent between the treated variants and non-treated control. On the basis of these results, the most suitable herbicide was chosen for the „minor“ registration for caraway.


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