Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2008, 56, 165-172
Published online 2014-11-17

Influence of fungicides on occurence of Fusarium spp. and other stem base diseases on winter wheat

Václav Sklenář

Pod Táborkem 525, 783 72 Velký Týnec, Česká republika

From 1999 to 2004 the occurence of fungi: Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (Fron.) and Fusarium spp. was evaluated in small plot field trials on seven varieties of winter wheat. The efficacy of fungicide protection against stem base diseases and influence on yields was monitored in field conditions in Velká Bystřice near Olomouc.
For diagnostic of casual fungi two methods were used: 1. Method of coloring mycelium in stems, 2. Method of cultivation of mycelim on agar.
Results from detection of casual fungi are following: Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (Fron.), Fusarium culmorum (W. G. Sm.) Sacc. and Fusarium graminearum Schwabe.
For high efficacy of protection against roots and stem base disease the following fungicide variants should be applied: Sportak Alpha 1.5 l . ha−1 (BBCH 30)/Cerelux Plus 0.7 l . ha−1 (BBCH 51), Sportak HF 1 l . ha−1 (BBCH 30)/Cerelux Plus 0.7 l . ha−1, Alert S 1.0 l . ha−1 (BBCH 30/Cerelux Plus 0.7 l . ha−1 (BBCH 51). The application of fungicides positively influenced yields. Yield increased at average by10–20 % after the aplication but the rise in yields was not in total correlation with the efficacy. These results can be possibly used in the system of integral control of winter wheat against stem base disease in wheat.


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