Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2005, 53, 71-84
Published online 2014-12-29

Hydropedological parameters limiting soil moisture regime floodplain ecosystems of south Moravia

Ladislav Kubík

Agentura ochrany přírody a krajiny ČR, Úsek ekologie krajiny a lesa Brno, odd. ochrany půdy, Lidická 25/27, Brno 657 20, Česká republika

Soil moisture regime of floodplain ecosystems in southern Moravia is considerably influenced and greatly changed by human activities. It can be changed negatively by water management engineering or positively by landscape revitalizations. The paper deals with problems of hydropedological characteristics (hydrolimits) limiting soil moisture regime and solves effect of hydrological factors on soil moisture regime in the floodplain ecosystems. Attention is paid especially to water retention curves and to hydrolimits – wilting point and field capacity. They can be acquired either directly by slow laboratory assessment, derivation from the water retention curves or indirectly by calculation using pedotransfer functions (PTF). This indirect assessment uses hydrolimit dependency on better available soil physical parameters namely soil granularity, bulk density and humus content. The aim is to calculate PTF for wilting point and field capacity and to compare them with measured values. The paper documents suitableness utilization of PTF for the region of interest. The results of correlation and regression analysis for soil moisture and groundwater table are furthermore presented.


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