Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2019, 67, 1195-1212

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201967051195
Published online 2019-10-31

An Assortment of Woody Plants Produced in the Manor of Nové Dvory at the Turn of the 18th and 19th Centuries: European, Asian and North African Taxa

Miloš Pejchal1,2, Lukáš Štefl1,2

1Department of Planting Design and Maintenance, Faculty of Horticulture, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2Institute of Botany of the CAS, v. v. i., Zámek 1, 252 43 Průhonice, Czech Republic

Received November 22, 2018
Accepted September 2, 2019

Lists of woody plants produced in nurseries were preserved from the years 1794, 1800 and 1814 in the manor of Nové Dvory of the noble family of Chotek. 276 taxa of woody plants in the current concept, permanently cultivated outdoors, have been determined in these lists at least to the level of the species. According to the existing findings, for 241 of them were documented for the first time their production for the needs of the landscape architecture in the territory of the Czech Republic. In the case of foreign natural and all cultural taxa, it is also the oldest evidence of their presence in this territory; for native taxa it is the first evidence of their usage in garden culture. Approximately 21.5% of taxa are autochthonous in the Czech Republic, 24% have at least part of their native territory in Europe and 1.5% in the Middle East, 2% come from Central Asia and Siberia and 4% from East Asia. Taxa produced in culture account for approximately 13%. Woody plants of North American origin (they are given a separate contribution) are represented by 34%.

Funding

This contribution was created within the framework of the project “Biotic threats to garden monuments: algae, cyanobacteria and invasive plant species” (DG16P02M041), implemented in the years 2016–2020 within the Program of Applied Research and Development of National and Cultural Identity (NAKI II) of the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic.

References

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