Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2018, 66, 707-715
Published online 2018-06-28

Assessment of Profitability and Break‑Even Points in Suckler Cow Herds

Jan Syrůček1, Luděk Bartoň1, Jindřich Kvapilík1, Mojmír Vacek2, Luděk Stádník2

1Department of Cattle Breeding, Institute of Animal Science, Přátelství 815, 104 00 Prague 10 – Uhříněves, Czech Republic
2Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague 6 – Suchdol, Czech Republic

Suckler cow enterprises comprise an important segment of Czech agriculture, and the number of suckler cows has been steadily increasing in recent years. The objective of this study was to assess the profitability of suckler cow herds in the Czech Republic based upon data collected for 2014, 2015, and 2016 using a questionnaire covering production, reproduction, and economic traits. The average yearly costs reached 30,583 CZK per cow. When subsidies in the average amount of 14,347 CZK per cow were included, profitability of 8.3, 8.7, and 6.3 % was observed in 2014, 2015, and 2016, respectively. Feed, labour, depreciation, and overheads were the largest cost items and together comprised 66 % of total yearly costs. The data obtained proved the economy of scale. Average break-even points were determined for the number of weaned calves, calving interval, and selling price of calves (75 calves, 465 days, and 56 CZK/kg live weight, respectively). A sensitivity analysis identified the number of weaned calves, price of calves, calving interval, and amount of subsidies as the most influential parameters.


This research was supported by project of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic [MZE-RO0718], project of the National Agency for Agricultural Research of the Czech Republic [NAZV QJ1510191], and by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic [“S” grant].


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