Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2018, 66, 595-603

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201866020595
Published online 2018-05-02

Innovation and Lean Production

Drahoš Vaněček1, Martin Pech1, Michael Rost2

1Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Studentská 13, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
2Department of Applied Mathematics and Informatics, Faculty of Economics, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Studentská 13, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic

Production has undergone historically through different changes, the essence of which is innovation. Innovations are either the introduction of new and more powerful machines and technologies, or just tiny, but everyday changes called Kaizen. The article focuses on the implementation of this second group of rationalization changes. 90 enterprises were surveyed and the results were evaluated mainly in terms of their size (small, medium, large), industry (engineering, electro-technical production, production of food, production of products for domestic use), and ownership of the company and by the importance in the supply chain. Regardless their size, the enterprises expect to continue the current trend with increasing demand and therefore they expect to expand the production employing more workers. New technology is supposed to be implemented to a lesser extent, but the situation is significantly better for the enterprises with a foreign owner. In small enterprises there is usually the absence of standards, which is a prerequisite for successful planning. Tailor-made production according to individual customer requirements exists mostly in greater enterprises. Regarding different types of waste reduction, defects are reported to be the most important issue, followed by motion, over-production and waiting. The research of 90 enterprises shoved, that most of them are not getting ready in a particular way for the future, although it might not be as favourable as it is now. Enterprises should increase the share of products with higher added value.

Funding

This work was supported by the Faculty of Economics, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice under Grant Nr. IGS12C1: Supply Chain Management and Methods of improving organization of production.

References

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