Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2017, 65, 737-743
Published online 2017-04-30

The Impact of Tax Incentives on Research and Development

Petr Svoboda

Institute of business economic and management, Faculty of economics and administration, University of Pardubice, Studentská 95, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic

The goal of this article is to analyze the impact of tax incentives on research and development and compare its effectiveness to direct government support of research and development. The analysis is based on regression analysis, which compares effect of tax incentives for research and development and direct government support (as percentage of GDP) in 28 countries of OECD in 2013 on innovative effectiveness of these countries measured by number of registered triadic patent families per billion GDP in the same year. Results suggest that tax incentives are more effective form of research and development support than direct government funding. Research also revealed interesting case of Switzerland’s research and development performance backed by almost none government support, which should be subject to future study.


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