Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2015, 63, 1261-1267
Published online 2015-09-02

International Comparison of Wheat Cultivation Costs 2010–2012

Bohdana Janotová1, Vojtěch Tamáš2

1Department of Agricultural Economics and Food Processing, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information, Kotlářská 53, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2Department of Regional and Business Economics, Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

The report compares costs of wheat production in the European Union and selected world producers. International comparison of wheat production costs has been prepared on the basis of the results of an international network of Agri benchmark Cash Crop for the years 2010–2012, which is organized by Johan Heinrich von Thünen – Institute (VTi) in Germany. Czech Republic is since the year 2008 an official member this network and is represented by the Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information (hereinafter IAEI). The results for the Czech Republic, which are then shared with other participating countries (institutions), are based upon the special investigation of IAEI. International comparison is based on typical farms taking into account regional structure of produced crops, technological and operating procedures, utilization of inputs, size of a farm, and other specifications. The concept of international comparisons is based on the (so called) “typical farms”, which take into account the typical size and structure, the area of market crops, technology and work practices, use of inputs and their quantity, production and other requirements of agricultural production characteristic of the given issues. Production costs are structured as direct and operating. Overall economy evaluations of wheat production also include effect of subventions. The position of the Czech Republic within the European Union is also discussed.


This article was performed within the framework of the international project Agri benchmark Cash Crop.


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