Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2015, 63, 137-141

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563010137
Published online 2015-03-14

Seeder with Different Seeding Apparatus in Maize Sowing

Jan Turan1, Vladimir Višacki1, Aleksandar Sedlar1, Sanja Pantelić2, Pavol Findura3, Pavel Máchal4, Jan Mareček5

1University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture Novi Sad, Trg D. Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad Serbia
2VodeVojvodine, Bulevar Mihajla Pupina 25, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
3Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
4Department of Project Management, Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies, Mendelova Univerzita in Brno, Zemělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
5Department of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

Precision sowing trend is development of technology of sowing maize. The advantage of planting corn with precision seeder includes saving seeds, fewer working hours, achieves more uniform spacing in the row and depth of planting, and for these reasons it follows that the crop will be uniform in height and strength, which is a prerequisite for high yields. It was performed a field testing of three seed in sowing maize at three different speeds of sowing. Tests were carried out to determine and compare the quality of three planters with under pressure. Seeders worked in similar conditions but third seeder noted presence of crust on the soil surface. They were tested at a speed of 6, 8 and 10 km/h. At a speed of 6 km/h all three planters worked with a coefficient of variation less than 25% and with values ​​from 19.25 to 22.72%, which meets the criteria of quality planting. The percentage of pairwise from 1.66 to 2.64%. The percentage of empty spaces were from 4.24 to 4.93%. Proportion of seeds sown at a given space were from 92.5 to 94.09%, which is an indicator that sowing was successfully. No records are examined quality differences in sowing seed.

Funding

This paper is the result of the researchs projects TR31073, Improving the production of maize and sorghum under stress, which is funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia and OP VK – CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0031 Postdoktorské pozice v technických a ekonomických oborech na MENDELU.

References

15 live references