Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2015, 63, 65-75

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563010065
Published online 2015-03-14

Spiders (Araneae) of Hůrka u Hranic National Nature Reserve (Moravia, Czech Republic)

Ondřej Machač1, Jana Niedobová2

1Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Palacký University Olomouc, Tř. Svobody 26, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

Spiders of Hůrka u Hranic National Nature Reserve were investigated during the year 2011. Several capture methods were used during the vegetation season (from April to November) in many various habitats of this territory. Altogether, 92 species from 27 families were recorded, including very rare and remarcable species. Majority of such species prefer thermophilous habitats: Atypus affinis Eichwald, 1830, Dysdera czechica Řezáč, in prep., Theridion melanurum Hahn, 1831, Agroeca cuprea Menge, 1873, Drassyllus villicus (Thorell, 1875), Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837) and Dipoena melanogaster (C. L. Koch, 1837). Some species are also listed in the Red List of threatened species in the Czech Republic: Cheiracanthium elegans Thorell, 1875 in category endangered (EN), Cozyptila blackwalli (Simon, 1875) and Leptorchestes berolinensis (C. L. Koch, 1846) in category vulnerable (VU). Altogether, 144 spider species are now known from the reserve; they represent 16.6% of araneofauna of the Czech Republic.

Funding

This study was supported by the project: Výmladkové lesy jako produkční a biologická alternativa budoucnosti (COPPICE) [nr. CZ1.07/2.3.00/20.0267] and project: Indikátory vitality dřevin (INVID) [nr. CZ 1.07/2.3.00/20.0265]. We are grateful to Vlastimil Růžička for providing unpublished spider data from Hůrka u Hranic NNR. We also thank to Vladimír Hula for his valuable comments to the manuscript.

References

23 live references