Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2020, 68, 1019-1031

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun202068061019
Published online 2020-12-17

Economic and Political Determinants of Terrorism in Selected European Countries

Martin Tejkal1, Jakub Odehnal2, Jaroslav Michálek1

1Department of Quantitative Methods, Faculty of Military Leadership, University of Defence, Kounicova 65, 662 10 Brno, Czech Republic
2Department of Resources Management, Faculty of Military Leadership, University of Defence, Kounicova 65, 662 10 Brno, Czech Republic

Received July 21, 2020
Accepted November 15, 2020

In this paper, we aim to assess the connection between terrorist attacks and socioeconomic and political indicators through an empirical study of selected 16 European countries. In order to reduce the dimension of the problem, factor analysis is applied in order to transform the indicator variables into factors. The countries are classified into clusters based on similarity of their economic and political indicator development, using loadings of the indicators onto the factors. For countries in each cluster, the connection of their political and socioeconomic indicators with terrorist attacks is then studied via correlation analysis of the attacks and the aforementioned factors. We propose two hypotheses – the hypothesis of opportunity costs, and the hypothesis of economic deprivation. For countries in each cluster, the hypotheses are examined with the use of correlation analysis. The results indicate that economic development affects the frequency of terrorist attacks in Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Switzerland.

Funding

This paper was supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic [SV18-FVL-K101-TEJ].

References

16 live references