Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2019, 67, 839-851

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201967030839
Published online 2019-06-27

Comparison of Tax Burden on Farms in Selected US States

Lukáš Moravec, Jana Hinke, Gabriela Kukalová, Adéla Šlapáková

Department of Trade and Finance, Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague, Czech Republic

Received September 3, 2018
Accepted May 17, 2019

This paper deals with the comparison of the tax burden of selected US States within the framework of two taxes ‑ income tax and sales tax. When drawing up this issue, the authors were led by the idea that there may be significant differences among particular states, so they chose as the objective to identify fiscally attractive areas. The quantification research of tax burden on model farms in 12 US states – Corn Belt was carried out in order to meet the objective. To the three groups of taxpayers (single, married and head of household) were applied federal and state taxation on natural persons income, social security and health insurance contributions, and sales tax. The cross‑sectional analysis is focused on 2012. The results of the comparative analysis led to the identification of fiscally attractive areas of agribusiness (South and North Dakota ‑ regardless of the taxpayer status, Ohio) and to the confirmation of the assumption that there are significant differences between the states surveyed – particularly as regards the sales tax where a deviation of tax liability from the lowest tax burden of 74.99% was identified.

Funding

This paper is a partial result of the research project No. 20181013 – Tax Laboratory Pilot Project Utilizing the Human Behavior Research Unit of FEM CULS Prague, supported by the Internal Grant Agency (IGA) of Faculty of Economics and Management, CULS Prague.

References

21 live references