Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2019, 67, 659-666
Published online 2019-06-27

Assessment of the Electricity Production from Renewable Energy Sources in Selected Countries of the European Union in 2010 and in 2016 Using Multidimensional Exploratory Techniques

Tomasz K. Dobek, Marek Rynkiewicz

Department of Construction and Use of Technical Devices, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, al. Piastów 17, 70‑310 Szczecin, Poland

Received October 16, 2018
Accepted April 15, 2019

The study presents assessment of the production of electricity obtained from renewable sources in selected European Union countries in 2010 and 2016. Among selected countries, the largest amount of electricity from renewable sources in 2010 was produced in Germany – 9,546.56 ktoe and in 2016 – 16,409.73 ktoe. In the analyzed countries of the European Union there was an increase in the production of energy obtained from renewable sources in comparison to 2010 and the dynamics of this growth in selected countries ranged from 106.1% to 217.0%. On the basis of the cluster analysis, it was found that Poland was in a similar group as Hungary in obtaining energy from renewable sources. On the other hand, Austria stood out the most from the surveyed countries, which proves that there is a big difference resulting from the energy management there in the area of obtaining electricity from renewable sources. Based on the principal component analysis, it was found that among selected EU countries, Austria is the most focused on the production of electricity from renewable sources from solid biofuels and water. Germany obtains the largest amounts from the sun, other renewable sources and wind.


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