Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2019, 67, 425-434

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201967020425
Published online 2019-04-29

Mapping of Traditional and Regional Varieties of Apple Trees and Pear Trees in Kroměříž Area

Martin Posolda1,2, Jiří Mlček3, Martina Urbanová4, Vojtěch Řezníček1

1Department of Breeding and Propagation of Horticultural Plants, Faculty of Horticulture, Mendel University in Brno, Valtická 337, 691 44 Lednice, Czech Republic
2Město Kroměříž, Velké náměstí 115, 767 01 Kroměříž, Czech Republic
3Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomáš Baťa University in Zlín, Vavrečkova 275, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
4Department of Applied and Landscape Ecology, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

Received June 25, 2018
Accepted March 18, 2019

In the present work, the current state and representation of traditional and regional fruit varieties of apple trees and pear trees in the form of high‑trunk were surveyed in the territory of southeastern Kroměříž district in the region of the Litenčice Hills. The research was carried out during the years 2009–2013. The variety, the age of the tree, the growth characteristics (tree height, trunk thickness, crown diameter and dryness) and health status were evaluated. The record of 972 old fruit trees of apple and pear trees were registered in selected municipalities. Pomological determination was made on 840 trees, of which 700 were apple trees and 140 were pear trees. In total, 104 varieties of apples and 44 varieties of pears were found. The most common apple varieties were ‘Baumannova renetaʼ and ‘Panenské českéʼ and the most common pear varieties were ‘Boscovaʼ and ‘Hardyʼ. Out of the total number of fruit trees recorded, 274 were nominated for conservation in respective genepools, of which 57 were pear trees and 217 were apple trees. The main criteria for this selection were the overall condition of the tree and its perspective, the quality of the fruit, the variety and its importance. The results of this work will be used to restore and settle the existing orchards and alley in the region. The identified species and variety composition will be used for newly established thickets in the extensive farming system and involvement in the territorial system of ecological stability of the studied area.

References

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