Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2018, 66, 1527-1534
Published online 2018-12-19

Health Perception and Food Choice Factors in Predicting Healthy Consumption Among Elderly

Dagmar Lesáková

Department of Marketing, Faculty of Commerce, University of Economics in Bratislava, Dolnozemska 1, 852 35 Bratislava, Slovak Republic

The main objective of the paper is to explore the impact of health perception and food choice factors on healthy food consumption among elderly and to indicate how different food choice motives influence the eating behaviour of elderly population. In our research we explore six food choice factors and their manifestation in attitudes towards healthy consumption. The purpose of the exploration of health perception is to identify seniors beliefs about food and health‑related aspects. Empirical research was conducted on a random sample of 400 elderly participants aged above 65 years and living in their own flats. Non‑probability sampling in the form of convenience sampling was employed. The relationship between health beliefs and attitudes towards healthy eating behaviour was confirmed with employing multiple regression analysis. We conclude that both health beliefs and food choice factors investigated in the research are important determinants of seniors’ healthy consumption, however with different effect on healthy eating behaviour.


This research was conducted as a part of the research project VEGA 1/0339/18 “Health conscious consumer behaviour: determinants, perspectives and intervention possibilities”.


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