Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2018, 66, 1347-1356

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201866051347
Published online 2018-10-29

Bankruptcy Prediction of Engineering Companies in the EU Using Classification Methods

Michaela Staňková, David Hampel

Department of Statistics and Operation Analysis, Faculty of Business and Economics, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

This article focuses on the problem of binary classification of 902 small- and medium‑sized engineering companies active in the EU, together with additional 51 companies which went bankrupt in 2014. For classification purposes, the basic statistical method of logistic regression has been selected, together with a representative of machine learning (support vector machines and classification trees method) to construct models for bankruptcy prediction. Different settings have been tested for each method. Furthermore, the models were estimated based on complete data and also using identified artificial factors. To evaluate the quality of prediction we observe not only the total accuracy with the type I and II errors but also the area under ROC curve criterion. The results clearly show that increasing distance to bankruptcy decreases the predictive ability of all models. The classification tree method leads us to rather simple models. The best classification results were achieved through logistic regression based on artificial factors. Moreover, this procedure provides good and stable results regardless of other settings. Artificial factors also seem to be a suitable variable for support vector machines models, but classification trees achieved better results using original data.

Funding

This article was supported by the grant No. PEF/DP/2017027 of the Grant Agency IGA PEF MENDELU.

References

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