Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2018, 66, 1127-1134

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201866051127
Published online 2018-10-29

Raw Cow Milk Thermostability and Its Relations to Other Indicators

Oto Hanuš1, Eva Samková2, Gustav Chládek3, Marcela Klimešová1, Petr Roubal1, Irena Němečková1, Radoslava Jedelská1, Jaroslav Kopecký1

1Dairy Research Institute Ltd., Ke Dvoru 12a, 160 00 Prague 6, Czech Republic
2South Bohemia University in České Budějovice, Faculty of Agriculture, Branišovská 1160/31, 370 05 České Budějovice 2, Czech Republic
3Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Zemědělská 1665/1, 613 00 Brno‑Černá Pole, Czech Republic

The aim was to evaluate the chosen relationships among milk composition, factors of primary milk production and milk thermostability (TES) on large data file during whole season (n 2,829). The results showed the TES mean 20.71 ± 8.19 minutes (geometric mean 19, median 20 minutes), from 3 to 57 minutes. Variation coefficient was 39.6%. The highest monthly mean was in September (23.98 ± 7.97, vx 33.3 % and xg 22.4 min.) and the lowest in January (16.5 ± 7.17, vx 43.5 % and xg 15.1 min.) and monthly mean values fluctuated (P < 0.001) in a relatively broad range of 7.48 minute (36.1 %). Weak positive correlation was found between the TES (also log TES) and log TCM (total count of microorganisms) and log COLI (count of coli microorganisms) as well (0.169 and 0.124; P < 0.01; n 1,353 and 1,355). The somatic cell count (SCC) showed no significant relationship with TES (P > 0.05). The surprising results are probably due to the lower variability and especially TCM, COLI and SCC level (248 ± 139 103ml-1; xg 218; vx 56.2 %; n 3,253) in the bulk milk. Significant effect on the TES was identified also in farms (P < 0.001). The results should contribute to an effective method of raw milk selection for dairy products with higher thermal stress during processing. The proposed selection limits for farms according to their history to predict better TES of raw material for 2 years of milk collection are: summer, TES mean over 17.5 minutes, variability up to 36.4 %; winter, over 13.0 minutes and up to 43.3 %.

Funding

This contribution was created with the support of the projects NAZV KUS QJ1510339 and MZE RO 1418.

References

16 live references