Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2018, 66, 155-160

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201866010155
Published online 2018-02-28

Effect of Bean Cultivars on Soil Microorganisms

Bojana Petrović1, Simonida Đurić2, Mirjana Vasić3, Vesna Tunguz4, Robert Pokluda1

1Department of Vegetable Growing and Floriculture, Mendel University in Brno, Valtická 337, 69144 Lednice, Czech Republic
2Department of Field and Vegetable Crops, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
3Department of Vegetable Crops, Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Maksima Gorkog 30, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
4Department of Soil and Water, University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, Vuka Karadžića bb, 71123 East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The aim of this study was to determine the microbiological activity in soil under beans in organic and conventional production. Organic production was conducted on the field in the village Pivnice (Serbia), while conventional production was conducted in the village Curug (Serbia) during 2014 on the chernosem type soil. Cultivars of beans Belko, Dvadesetica, Maksa, Slavonac, Sremac, Zlatko were used. Before sowing, the bean seeds were inoculated by biofertilizers NS-Nitragin. NS-Nitragin contains a mixture of selected strains of symbiotic bacteria Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. phaseoli. The total number of actinomycetes, ammonifiers, Azotobacter, bacteria and fungi were determined. At the end of vegetation period in conventional production the highest number of actinomycetes (5.83) and fungi (4.87) was recorded in cultivar Dvadesetica. In organic production the highest number of ammonifires was in cultivar Sremac (9.91). The highest number of bacteria was in cultivar Dvadesetica (9.08) and the highest number of fungi was in cultivar Zlatko (5.14). The results have shown that number of microorganisms was higher in organic production.

References

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