Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2017, 65, 1175-1181

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201765041175
Published online 2017-09-01

Comparing Treatment Methods of Apple Tree Chips in Terms of Mycelia Growth of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq.) P. Kumm)

Ivan Jablonský1, Martin Koudela1, David Novotný2

1Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Department of Horticulture, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague, Czech Republic
2Crop Research Institute v.v.i, Prague, Drnovská 507/73, 161 06 Prague, Czech Republic

In this study, we chemically treated apple tree chips and evaluated the colonisation of these substrates by the mycelium of Pleurotus. ostreatus. Chips were treated by a liquid surfactant Empigen OB (0.02 – 0.32 %), calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 (1 – 3 %) and sodium hypochlorite NaClO (0.5 – 1.5 %), and by their combinations. Substrates treated with a combination of the Empigen and NaClO reached the pH values of 6.5, with a combination of the Empigen and hydroxide, pH values did not exceed 7.9. Significantly higher gains of P. ostreatus mycelium 15 days after inoculation were found for the substrate treated with 2 % Ca(OH)2 and in the substrate treated with 0.08 % Empigen. The majority of substrates treated with the combination of NaClO and the Empigen showed significantly higher mycelium gains 15 days after inoculation compared to the control. The best results were obtained with the combination 0.08 % Empigen + 1.5 % NaClO. These results indicate positive synergic effect of the Empigen and NaClO. Collectively, treatment of the substrate based on apple tree chips by surfactant Empigen, Ca(OH)2 and NaClO (apart from the combination of the surfactant and Ca(OH)2 seem to be a suitable approach for substrate preparation.

Funding

This paper was supported by Grant Agency NAZV [nr. QJ1210104].

References

18 live references