Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2017, 65, 689-697

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201765020689
Published online 2017-04-30

The Impact of Changes in Accounting Regulations on Agricultural Entities and Their Business Accounts Since 2016

Milena Otavová1, Jana Gláserová2

1Department of Accounting and Taxation, Faculty of Business and Economics, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2Department of Accounting and Taxes, PEF Mendel university in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

Financial accounting in the European Union is harmonized through directives. In 2013 Directive 2013/34/EU of the European Parliament and the Council was issued. It aims to improve the performance of micro and small entities by reducing their administrative burden. The primary requirement of the Directive is to introduce entity size classification. The paper identifies the impact of the transposition of the Directive on the size distribution of agricultural enterprises in the V4 countries and some other countries of the European Union using data from the Amadeus database. In the Czech Republic obligations which are part of financial reporting are determined for agricultural enterprises and their impact on fundamental accounting principles is detected. The implementation of the Directive in the Czech Republic significantly influenced valuation, accounting for and specially reporting of inventories of a company’s own activity and capitalization, which are typical for agricultural enterprises. A comparison of the regulation effective until the end of 2015 with the new regulation showed the impact on the amount of profit and turnover, which are also quantified. The degree of harmonization with IAS/IFRS is also examined.

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