Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2015, 63, 1719-1728

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563051719
Published online 2015-10-29

Is the Fiscal Policy of the Czech Republic Pro-cyclical?

Martin Rolák, Martin Cigán

Faculty of Finance and Accounting, University of Economics, Prague, Nám. W. Churchilla 4, 130 67 Praha, Czech Republic

The main goal of this paper is to analyse whether the fiscal policy of the Czech Republic is anti-cyclical. This analysis is carried out through decomposing the government’s balance into its cyclical and structural part. The first differences of the structural part are then put in relation to the output gap to determine whether the fiscal policy is pro- or anti-cyclical. Moreover, the correlation of government expenditures and revenues with the business cycle is also subject of our analysis. We also examine whether the fiscal rules which the Czech Republic would have to adhere to once it enters the euro area limit fiscal policy as a stabilizing mechanism.
The paper concludes that the fiscal policy in the Czech Republic was for the most part rather of a random character than anti-cyclical during the examined period 1998–2013. This conclusion has two implications. Firstly, there is still room for improvement in fully and consistently utilizing fiscal policy to stabilise the Czech economy throughout economic cycles. Secondly, fiscal rules would not limit the Czech government to practice anti-cyclical fiscal policy if they have been implemented since 1998.

Funding

The paper is an output of the research project “Public finance in developed countries” supported by the Internal grant agency of the University of Economics, Prague, No. F1/2/2013. The contribution is processed as one of the outputs from the research project of the Faculty of Finance and Accounting, University of Economics in Prague, which is carry out within the institutional support of University of Economics in Prague number IP 100040.

References

12 live references