Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2015, 63, 227-233

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563010227
Published online 2015-03-14

Measuring Risk Structure Using the Capital Asset Pricing Model

Zdeněk Konečný, Marek Zinecker

Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Management, Brno University of Technology, Kolejní 2906/4, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic

This article is aimed at proposing of an inovative method for calculating the shares of operational and financial risks. This methodological tool will support managers while monitoring the risk structure. The method is based on the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) for calculation of equity cost, namely on determination of the beta coefficient, which is the only variable, that is dependent on entrepreneurial risk. There are combined both alternative approaches for calculation betas, which means, that there are accounting data used and there is distinguished unlevered beta and levered beta. The novelty of the proposed method is based on including of quantities for measuring operational and financial risks in beta calculation. The volatility of cash flow, as a quantity for measuring of operational risk, is included in the unlevered beta. Return on equity based on the cash flow and the indebtedness are variables used in calculation of the levered beta. This modification makes it possible to calculate the share of operational risk as the proportion of the unlevered/levered beta and the share of financial risk, which is the remainder of levered beta. The modified method is applied on companies from two sectors of the Czech economy. In the data set there are companies from one cyclical sector and from one neutral sector to find out potential differences in the risk structure. The findings show, that in both sectors the share of operational risk is over 50%, however, in the neutral sector is this more dominant.

Funding

This paper is supported by the Internal Grant Agency of the Brno University of Technology. Name of the Project: Economic Determinants of Competitiveness of Enterprises in Central and Eastern Europe. Project Registration No. FP-S-15-2825.

References

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