Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2014, 62, 1185-1200
Published online 2014-12-02

The Genus Heliopsis: Development of Varieties and Their Use in the European Gardens After the Mid 19th Century

Jiří Uher

Department of Floriculture and Vegetable Crops, Faculty of Horticulture, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

This review summarizes data on the development of varieties in historic gardens of the once very popular Ox-eyes (Heliopsis Pers., Asteraceae: Zinniinae) after the mid 19th century, with regard to the development of varietal assortments in the periods corresponding to the most important architectural styles and to their fluctuating popularity. Old varietal assortments, usually derived from large-flowered H. helianthoides var. scabra, now rapidly disappear and the oldest varieties, including the once famous Lemoine’s selections, are virtually inaccessible. Until recently the most propagated Götz’s and Förster’s varieties also disappear and are replaced by modern, relatively small-flowered selections delivered from H. helianthoides var. helianthoides or patent protected variegated varieties. Neither of these groups, however, is applicable to the restoration of historic gardens. Tables show data on the origin of about eighty both still cultivated and vanished varieties.


This review was supported in project DF11P01OVV019 – Landscape architecture’s methods and tools for spatial development which meets the thematic priority TP 1.4. of Applied Research and Development of National and Cultural Identity Programme, funded by Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic.


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