Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2014, 62, 161-166
Published online 2014-04-22

The Influence of Digestate and Mineral Fertilisers on Yields and Content of Nitrates and Ascorbic Acid in Kohlrabi Bulbs

Tomáš Lošák1, Tereza Zlámalová1, Monika Vítězová1, Jaroslav Hlušek1, Petr Škarpa1, Jiří Fryč2, Tomáš Vítěz2, Jan Mareček2

1Department of Agrochemistry, Soil Science, Microbiology and Plant Nutrition, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2Department of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Engineering, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic


1. AMON, T. and DÖHLER, H., 2004: Qualität und Verwendung des Gärrestes. In: Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (ed.) Handreichung-Biogasgewinnung und –nutzung. Darmstadt: KTBL, pp. 153–165. ISBN 3-00-014333-5
2. ANGELIDAKI, I., KARAKASHEV, D., BATSTONE, D. J., PLUGGE, C. M. and STAMS, A. J. M., 2011: Biomethanation and its potential. Methods in Enzymology, 494: 327–351. ISSN 0076-6879. <>
3. ARTHURSON, V., 2009: Closing the global energy and nutrient cycles through application of biogas residue to agricultural land-potential benefits and drawbacks. Energies, 2, 2: 226–242. ISSN 1996-1073. <>
4. BATH, B. and ELFSTRAND, S., 2008: Use of red clover-based green manure in leek cultivation. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 25, 3: 269–286. ISSN 0144-8765. <>
5. CIGÁNEK, K., LOŠÁK, T., SZOSTKOVÁ, M., ZATLOUKALOVÁ, A., PAVLÍKOVÁ, D., VÍTĚZ, T., FRYČ, J. and DOSTÁL, J., 2010: Ověření účinnosti hnojení digestáty z bioplynových stanic na výnos ozimé řepky a ozimé pšenice. Agrochémia, 50, 3: 16–21. ISSN 1335-2415.
6. FELLER, C., and FINK, M., 1997: Nitrogen uptake of kohlrabi, estimated by growth stages and an empirical growth model. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 160, 6: 589–594. ISSN 0044-3263.
7. FOUDA, S., TUCHER, S., LICHTI, F. and SCHMIDHALTER, U., 2013: Nitrogen availability of various biogas residues applied to ryegrass. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 176, 4: 572–584. ISSN 1436-8730. <>
8. GUNNARSSON, A., BENGTSSON, F. and CASPERSEN, S., 2010: Use efficiency of nitrogen from biodigested plant material by ryegrass. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 173, 1: 113–119. ISSN 1436-8730. <>
9. HLUŠEK, J., RICHTER, R. and RYANT, P., 2002: Výživa a hnojení zahradních plodin. 1 ed. Praha: Zemědělec, 81 p. ISBN 80-902413-5-2.
10. HOLM-NIELSEN, J. B., SEADI, T. AL. and OLESKOWICZ-POPIEL, P., 2009: The future of anaerobic digestion and biogas utilization. Bioresource technology, 100, 22: 5478–5484. ISSN 0960-8524. <>
11. KIRCHMANN, H. and WITTER, E., 1992: Composition of fresh aerobic and anaerobic farm animal dungs. Bioresource Technology, 40, 2: 137–142. ISSN 0960-8524. <>
12. KOLÁŘ, L., KUŽEL, S., PETERKA, J., ŠTINDL, P. and PLÁT, V., 2008: Agrochemical value of organic matter of fermenter wastes in biogas production. Plant, Soil and Environment, 54, 8: 321–328. ISSN 1214-1178.
13. KOLÁŘ, L., KUŽEL, S., PETERKA, J., and BOROVÁ-BATT, J., 2010: Agrochemical value of the liquid phase of wastes from fermenters during biogas production. Plant, Soil and Environment, 56, 1: 23–27. ISSN 1214-1178.
14. LEE, S. K. and KADER, A. A., 2000: Preharvest and postharvest factors influencing vitamin C content of horticultural crops. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 20, 3: 207–220. ISSN 0925-5214. <>
15. LOŠÁK, T., HLUŠEK, J., KRÁČMAR, S. and VARGA, L., 2008: The effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on yield and quality of kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea, L.). Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo, 32, 2: 697–703. ISSN 0100-0683. <>
16. LOŠÁK, T., ZATLOUKALOVÁ, A., SZOSTKOVÁ, M., HLUŠEK, J., FRYČ, J. and VÍTĚZ, T., 2011: Comparison of the effectiveness of digestate and mineral fertilisers on yields and quality of kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea, L.). Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun., 59, 3: 117–122. ISSN 1211-8516. <>
17. LOŠÁK, T., VÍTĚZOVÁ, M., MUSILOVÁ, L., ZATLOUKALOVÁ, A., VÍTĚZ, T., FRYČ, J., MAŇÁSEK, J. and PROKEŠ, K., 2013: Comparing the effectiveness of a digestate from a biogas station with mineral fertilisers when fertilising silage maize. Agrochemistry, 17, 1: 3–6. ISSN 1335-2415.
18. MARSCHNER, H., 2002: Mineral nutrition of higher plants. 2nd edition. London: Academic Press, 889 p. ISBN 978-0-12-473542-2.
19. MAURYA, A. N., CHAURASIA, S. N. S. and REDDY, Y. R. M., 1992: Effect of nitrogen and molybdenum levels on growth, yield and quality of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis) cv. Snowball-16. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 21, 3–4: 232–235. ISSN 0970-2873.
20. MENGEL, K. and KIRKBY, E. A., 2001: Principles of Plant Nutrition. 5th ed. Dordrecht / Boston / London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 849 p. ISBN 978-94-010-1009-2.
21. MIDILLIA, A., DINCERB, I. and AYA, M., 2006: Green energy strategies for sustainable development. Energy Policy, 34, 18: 3623–3633. ISSN 0301-4215. <>
22. MÖLLER, K. and STINNER, W., 2009: Effect of different manuring systems with and without biogas digestion on soil mineral nitrogen content and on gaseous nitrogen losses (ammonia, nitrous oxides). European Journal of Agronomy, 30, 1: 1–16. ISSN 1161-0301. <>
23. MÖLLER, K., SCHULZ, R., MÜLLER, T., 2010: Substrate inputs, nutrient flows and nitrogen loss of two centralized biogas plants in southern Germany. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 87, 10: 307–325. ISSN 1385-1314. <>
24. MÖLLER, K., SCHULZ, R., MÜLLER, T., 2011: Effects of setup of centralized biogas plants on crop acreage and balances of nutrients and soil humus. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 89, 2: 303–312. ISSN 1385-1314. <>
25. MOZAFAR, A., 1993: Nitrogen fertilizers and the amount of vitamins in plants: a review. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 16, 12: 2479–2506. ISSN 0190-4167. <>
26. NILSSON, T., 1980: The influence of soil type, nitrogen and irrigation on yield, quality and chemical composition of cauliflower. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research, 10, 2: 65–75. ISSN 0049-2701.
27. ODLARE, M., PELL, M. and SVENSSON, K., 2008: Changes in soil chemical and microbiological properties during 4 years of application of various organic residues. Waste Management, 28, 7: 1246–1253. ISSN 0956-053X. <>
28. ROSS, D. J., TATE, K. R., SPEIR, T. W., STEWART, D. J. and HEWITT, A. E., 1989: Influence of biogas-digester effluent on crop growth and soil biochemical properties under rotational cropping. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 17, 1: 77–87. ISSN 0114-0671. <>
29. SHAROF, H. C. and WIER, U., 1994: Calculation of nitrogen immobilization and fixation. Gartenbau Hannover Germany. Bodenkunde, 157, 1: 11–16.
30. SMATANOVÁ, M., RICHTER, R., HLUŠEK, J. 2004: Spinach and pepper response to nitrogen and sulphur fertilization. Plant, Soil and Environment, 50, 7: 303–308. ISSN 1214-1178. <>
31. STEINGROBE, G. and SCHENK, M. K., 1991: Influence of nitrate concentration at the root surface on yield and nitrate uptake of kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea – gongyloides, L.) and spinach (Spinacia oleracea, L.). Plant and Soil, 135, 2: 205–211. ISSN 0032-079X. <>
32. STINNER, W., MÖLLER, K. and LEITHOLD, G., 2008.: Effects of biogas digestion of clover/grass-leys, cover crops and crop residues on nitrogen cycle and crop yield in organic stockless farming systems. European Journal of Agronomy, 29, 2–3: 125–134. ISSN 1161-0301. <>
33. VYHLÁŠKA č. 474/2000 Sb., o stanovení požadavků na hnojiva, ve znění pozdějších předpisů.
34. WEILAND, P., 2010: Biogas production: current state and perspectives. Applied Microbiological Biotechnology, 85, 4: 849–860. ISSN 1432-0614. <>
front cover

ISSN 1211-8516 (Print)

ISSN 2464-8310 (Online)

Current issue

Review Management System NEW Indexed in DOAJ