Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2013, 61, 1645-1652

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201361061645
Published online 2013-11-24

A rainfall distribution and their influence on flood generation in the eastern Slovakia

Lenka Gaňová1, Martina Zeleňáková1, Pavol Purcz2, Žofia Kuzevičová3, Helena Hlavatá4

1Institute of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Košice, Vysokoškolská 4, 042 00 Košice, Slovak Republic
2Institute of Construction Technology and Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Košice, Vysokoškolská 4, 042 00 Košice, Slovak Republic
3nstitute of Geodesy and Geographical Information Systems, Mining, Ecology, Process Control and Geotechnology Faculty, Technical University of Košice, Park Komenského 19, 042 00 Košice, Slovak Republic
4Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Regional branch Košice, Ďumbierska 26, 041 17 Košice, Slovak Republic

This paper aims to geographically assess the flood occurrence in eastern Slovakia by using one of the methods of multi-criteria analysis – rank sum method. Flood risk assessment is conducted in three specific cases: the long term period 1989–2009, the extremely wet 2010 year, and the extremely dry 2011 year. In the analyses, some of the causative factors for flooding in a basin area are taken into account. We use set of causative factors concerning mostly hydrological and physio-geographical characteristic of the target area that can be measured and evaluated such as soil type, daily precipitation (for the years 1989–2009, 2010, 2011), land use, catchment area and basin slope. For recommendation which causative factors should be preferred we use method of multicriteria analysis – ranking method. In the ranking method (RM), every factor/criterion under consideration is ranked in the order of the decision-maker’s preference. Geographic approach to flood risk assessment provides a descriptive presentation of the results obtained. Geographic information systems as a visualization tool is presented in a manner that aids understanding in a user friendly way.
Regarding our task of flood risk assessment, the partial results are three composite maps, which present comparison of flood risk zones in percentage of the area in years 1989–2009, 2010, and 2011. The composite maps are background for risk assessment of the impact of rainfall on flood generation.
This study of hydrological data and physio-geographical characteristic was carried out with the purpose of the identification of flood risk occurrence in eastern Slovakia. Results from our study shows, that rainfall distribution has high influence on flood risk of the area. Area percentage with very high flood risk index was calculated for “wet” year 2010 as 11.73 %, for “dry” year 2011 as 0.01 % and for period 1989–2009 as 0.28 %.

References

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