Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2013, 61, 1535-1542
Published online 2013-09-28

Latest aspects of mechanical filtration

Stanislav Koláček, Michal Černý

Department of Engineering and Automobile Transport, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic

The aim of this study was to describe and unify all knowledge about mechanic filtration. The first part deals with the parameters and properties of filtration. Here some important basic concepts are explained such as pressure gradient, filter life, etc. There’s also a description of convenient filtration technology for coarse and fine materials, such as sand, smoke or soot. The second part primarily focuses on the real use and application of filters for liquid and gaseous media. The differences in construction between different types of filters for filtration of fuels, oils, hydraulic fluids, air and cabin filters are described. The last section is focused mainly on new materials for the production of filters. These materials are ceramic or nanomaterials, which can actually be enriched for example with antibacterial silver or some fungicides.


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