Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2013, 61, 71-76

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201361010071
Published online 2013-04-08

The effect of bee pollen as dietary supplement on meat chemical composition for broiler Ross 308

Peter Haščík1, Ibrahim Omer Elamin Elimam1, Jozef Garlík1, Miroslava Kačániová2, Juraj Čuboň1, Marek Bobko3, Klára Vavrišinová4, Henrieta Arpášová5

1Department of the Evaluation and Processing of Animal Products, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
2Department of Microbiology, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
3Department of the Evaluation and Processing of Animal Products, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
4Department of Animal Husbandry, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
5Department of Poultry and Small livestock, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic

The present experiment was aimed to study the effect of bee pollen on the meat chemical composition of broiler’s Ross 308 breast and thigh muscles. In the experimental groups were added bee pollen in an amount (group E1 – 2 500 mg.kg−1, group E2 – 3 500 mg.kg−1 and E3 – 4 500 mg.kg−1) to the feed mixtures for 42 days. At the end of the study the water content was higher in experimental groups than the control group and on breasts there were a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) between control groups and experimental groups (E1, E2 and E3) also there was a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) between the experimental E3 and experimental E1, E2 groups. In protein content, the control group was higher than experimental groups and there no significant differences (P ≥ 0.05) among the groups. In fat content, the control group (2.04%, 13.2%) was higher than experimental groups E1 group (1.59%, except thigh 14.11%), E2 group (1.70%, 13.00%) and E3 group (1.51%, 10.96%) and on breast there were significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) between control group and experimental groups E1, E3 and on thigh there were significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) between experimental E3 and experimental E1, E2 groups. In energy value (kJ.100 g−1) of the breast and thigh muscles in control was higher than experimental groups and on the breasts there were a significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) between control group and experimental groups (E1, E3) and on the thigh there were significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) between experimental E1 and experimental E3 groups. From the study we concluded that the bee pollen has a positive effect of the breast’s meat chemical composition of broiler, which led to increase the water contact and reduce the fat content and energy value, but he had a normal effect on thigh, also bee pollen has normal effect on the protein content of the breast and thigh muscles.

References

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