Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2012, 60, 79-90
Published online 2013-10-05

Microclimate in the vertical profile of wheat, rape and maize canopies

Zdeněk Krédl1, T. Středa, R. Pokorný, M. Kmoch, J. Brotan

1Ústav pěstování, šlechtění rostlin a rostlinolékařství, Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Česká republika

The differences of air temperature and relative air humidity in wheat, rape and maize canopies at three heights (ground level, effective canopy height and 2 meters above the soil surface), and their comparison with the temperature values of the nearest standard climatological station at the height of 2 meters were studied. The microclimatic data were obtained at the field trial station of the Mendel University in Brno in the Žabčice municipality (South Moravia) in the canopies of winter wheat, winter rape and maize and from the standard climatological station located immediately next to the canopies. It was found, that wheat, rape and maize canopies microclimate differed significantly from those of their surrounding environments. The temperature was usually lower in the ground level and effective height in the wheat and rape stands, air humidity was usually higher in these crops. On the other hand, maize canopies had diverse air temperature values during the studied period.


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