Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2011, 59, 187-192
Published online 2014-03-23

The availability of mineral nitrogen in Mediterranean open steppe dominated by Stipa tenacissima L.

Irena Novosádová1, Jaroslav Záhora2, José Damian Ruiz-Sinoga3

1Zemědělský výzkum, spol. s r. o. Troubsko, Zahradní 1, 664 41 Troubsko, Česká republika
2Ústav agrochemie, půdoznalství, mikrobiologie a výživy rostlin, Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Zemědělská 1, Brno 613 00, Česká republika
3Department of Physical Geography, University of Malaga, Campus de Teatinos, Málaga 29071, Spain

The area of interest is located in the Sierra de los Filabres in semi-arid steppe of the province of Almeria in Spain. The amount of water in the soil is a limiting factor and its availability affects the structure and species composition of ecosystem. On the other hand, the type of vegetation affects the water loss via evapotranspiration and thus the soil microclimate. It has a great influence on the growth and activity of soil microbial communities and hence the dynamics of decomposition of organic matter and nutrient availability. The aim of this study was to assess the intensity of microbial transformations of soil organic nitrogen and describe changes in the content of nitrogen mineral forms at different depths in the semi-arid climate soil in the Mediterranean region. Availability and movement of nitrogen was monitored by capturing the mineral nitrogen into the structures of ion exchange resin applied to the soil in three different variants (control variant, a variant with the addition of cellulose, and the variant with the addition of raw silk). Ion exchange resins have been installed into soil profile in 2008, 2009, and 2010. After the in situ exposure the ion exchange resins were removed from the soil profile and the quantity of captured mineral N was determined by distillation titration method. The availability of ammonia-nitrogen was significantly affected by the addition of different substrates mainly by the additions of the raw silk, where the availability was regularly the highest. However, the availability of ammonia-nitrogen form was generally higher than the availability of nitrate form.


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