Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2011, 59, 87-96

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201159040087
Published online 2014-05-29

Life quality evaluation in regions of the Czech Republic according to selected criteria using the DEA method

Jana Friebelová, Ludvík Friebel

Katedra aplikované matematiky a informatiky, Ekonomická fakulta, Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích, Studentská 13, 370 05 České Budějovice, Česká republika

Our work has several aims. We have evaluated the Quality of life of the districts (LAU 1 regions) in the Czech Republic, according to the selected criteria by the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method. This method was initially proposed to evaluate the efficiency. In this paper the level of efficiency represents the level of life quality. The efficiency (quality of life) is in this case represented as a share of output in weighted sum of inputs. In other words, it represents a certain degree to which desirable output can offset undesirable indicators. Hence we have consider three types of input (the unemployment rate, criminality, as well as the specific emissions) and one output (the average salary). In the next stage, the fourth input (the average price of a dwelling per square metre) is added. Its impact on the changing of efficiency score is under consideration with regression analysis. At the same time, we have observed a possible connection between the achieved efficiency score and net migration in following year. In addition to efficiency score DEA method provides weights of particular inputs and outputs. These weights are used to find those contributions of particular criteria to the achieved score. This enables us to determine the strong and weak points of the districts.

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