Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2011, 59, 241-246
Published online 2014-06-14

Methods of plant root exudates analysis: a review

Peter Dundek, Ladislav Holík, Tomáš Rohlík, Ladislav Hromádko, Valerie Vranová, Klement Rejšek, Pavel Formánek

Ústav geologie a pedologie, Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Zemědělská 3, 613 00 Brno, Česká republika

The aim of this review is to summarise current knowledge on methods being used to determine individual compounds and properties of water-soluble plant root exudates. These compounds include amino acids, organic acids and simple sugars, as well as polysaccharides, proteins and organic substances. Qualitative composition of water-soluble root exudates and exudation rate are commonly measured with the aim of consequent synthetic preparation of plant root exudates to be supplied to soil to create artificial rhizosphere for different experimental purposes. Root exudates collection usually requires consequent filtration or centrifugation to remove solids, root detritus and microbial cell debris, and consequent concentration using an evaporator, lyophilizator or ultrafiltration. Methods used for analysis of total groups of compounds (total proteins and total carbohydrates) and total organic carbon are simple. On the other hand, HPLC or GS/MS are commonly used to analyse individual low molecular weight organic molecules (sugars, organic acids and amino acids) with separation using different columns. Other properties such as pH, conductivity or activity of different enzymes as well as gel electrophoresis of proteins are sometimes assessed. All of these methods are discussed in this work.


45 live references