Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2011, 59, 165-176

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201159020165
Published online 2014-07-07

A free-floating currency regime during economic crisis: advantage or disadvantage?

Lubor Lacina, Petr Toman

Ústav financí, Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Česká republika

The paper deals with the identification of potential disadvantages associated with the existence of national currencies with the floating exchange rate regime during the current financial and economic crisis in countries postponing their entry into the eurozone. The hypothesis is that the advantages of a floating exchange rate may be outweighed by their disadvantages (high volatility of exchange rates). First part of the paper provides evidence about the development of Czech crown exchange rate since transition from fix to free float regime. Special attention will be given to the period during the recent global economic crisis. For the sake of comparison, evolution of other currencies in the region (zloty, forint and Slovak crown), will be taken to consideration. Second part of the paper form case studies identifying impact due to volatility on national currencies. Case studies were used to identify possible negative impacts from volatility in national currencies on export firms in the Czech Republic and holders of mortgage loans denominated in foreign currencies in Hungary. The last part of the paper will formulate recommendations for businesses entering into foreign trade relationships, as well as for policy makers in countries using national currencies which are preparing for membership in the eurozone.

References

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