Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2011, 59, 121-128
Published online 2014-07-10

Determination of some selected pesticide residues in apple juice by solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography – mass spectrometry

Andrea Hercegová1, Monika Mőder2

1Department of Analytical Chemistry, Slovak University of Technology, Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia
2Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig-Halle, Permoserstraße 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany

The performance of solid phase microextraction (SPME) for enrichment of pesticides from apple juice was investigated. Samples were diluted with water, extracted by solid-phase microextraction and analysed by gas chromatography using mass-spectrometry detector (MSD) in selected ion monitoring mode (SIM). The method was tested for the following pesticides used mostly in fruit culturing at Slovakia: tebuthylazine, fenitrothion, chlorpyrifos, myclobutanil, cyprodinil, phosalone, pyrimethanil, tebuconazole, kresoxim-methyl, methidathion, penconazole. All pesticides were extracted with polydimethylsiloxane fibre 100 μm thickness. The linear concentration range of application was 0.05 μg dm−3–10 μg dm−3. The method described provides detectabilities complying with the maximum residue levels (MRLs) set by regulatory organizations for pesticides in apple juice matrices. The solvent – free SPME procedure was found to be quicker and more cost effective then the solvent extraction methods commonly used.


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