Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2010, 58, 161-170
Published online 2014-07-17

Specificities of the small and medium-sized enterprises in the Czech Republic and EU

Helena Chládková

Ústav managementu, Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Česká republika

Small and medium enterprises (SME) are the engine of the European economy. They are an essential source of jobs, create entrepreneurial spirit and innovation in the EU and are thus crucial for fostering competitiveness and employment. In the enlarged European Union of 27 countries, some 20 million SMEs provide around 75 million jobs and represent 99 % of all enterprises. However, they are often confronted with market imperfections. SMEs frequently have difficulties in obtaining capital or credit, particularly in the early start–up phase. Their limited resources may also restrict access to new technology or innovation. It is therefore necessary to monitor the development of SMEs in individual EU countries and highlighting their problems and mainly to their importance.
During the recent period of time there have been many researchers from the FBE Mendel University in Brno, who focused on the analysis of the small and medium-sized enterprise, e.g. Bohušová (2007); Chládková (2009); Nerudová a Bohušová (2008); Kubíčková a Peprný (2006); Zrůst a Pyšný (2008).
This paper is the part of the Research proposal MSM 6215648904 being solved at the FBE Mendel University in Brno.


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