Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2010, 58, 417-426

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201058050417
Published online 2014-08-06

Detection of coding genes for enterotoxins in Bacillus cereus by PCR and their products by BCET-RPLA and ELISA Assay

Marcela Vyletělová1, Juraj Banykó2

1Agrovýzkum Rapotín, Výzkumníků 267, 788 13 Vikýřovice, Česká republika
2Výzkumný ústav pro chov skotu Rapotín, Výzkumníků 267, 788 13 Vikýřovice, Česká republika

Determination of enterotoxin production, diarrhoeal and emetic gene identification was studied in 41 Bacillus cereus strains isolated from raw cows’ and raw goats’ milk, pasteurized milk, dairy products during technological processing and from dairy plant equipment. Presence of enterotoxins was detected by BCET-RPLA (HBL) and ELISA immunoassay (NHE). Gene identification (nheA, nheB, nheC, hblA, hblC, hblD, bceT, cytK-1, cytK-2, entFM and ces) was achieved by means of PCR. Enterotoxin HBL was detected in 32 strains, enterotoxin NHE in all 41 strains. Presence of all three genes nheA, nheB and nheC was confirmed in 40 strains and genes hblA, hblC and hblD in 29 strains. Comparison of used methods was as follow: 1) BCET-RPLA (which detects L2 component) and PCR (positive or negative all three hblA, hblC and hblD gene detection) were identical in 30 (73%); 2) ELISA (NheA) and PCR (all three nheC, nheB and nheA gene expression) were identical in 40 (98%) cases isolated strains.

References

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