Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2008, 56, 239-246
Published online 2014-11-08

Function of the vegetative elements in contemporaneous interpretation of the architectonic work

Markéta Krejčí

Bílovická 56, 614 00 Brno, Česká republika

The creative process during which a vegetation element finds itself in the position of a fundamental part of material design of the building can be found in the field of modern architectural production. Along with other building materials, it has its own task to participate in the composition of architectural space. This represents an authentic approach of the current production where the do­mi­na­ting position of the vegetation material determines the unique character of the final work. In these exis­ting factors of practice, the vegetation material is treated, according to the three branches of purposefulness after Friedrich Schinkel, as fundamental part of structural composition of the architectural work. In considered cases, when the vegetation material is removed, the building loses its functional qualities or basic value of expression. Studied cases have proved the existing application of vegetation motives and their combinations the garden art has worked with for centuries. However, mo­dern architectural production adapts them to fields of application that are completely new. It develops these original sources of inspiration that lead modern architecture to totally inventive and new results. The above-mentioned factors are the subject of this paper the purpose of which is to provide basic determination of real applicability of the green mass in the materials applied in the building construction and give examples of current leading finished examples. On the one hand, ar­chi­tec­tu­ral objects restore, with the application of vegetation elements, natural form of greenery in urban interior on the individual level of human dimension. On the other hand, with their help, when siting a project in open space you can also prevent building of a totalitarian wall in the form of a building mass. Thus contextuality of the executed project is achieved in relation to its surroundings. In the presented architectural initiatives the vegetation element plays the role of a structural element of the building shell, the shading and sunlight protection design, rendering of the components of interior projects, the building roof, or in inspiring transformation of a vegetation motive applied to extend the nature‘s boundary to dead building materials. The fact that frequent application of vegetation material is perceived on an individual level implies that architecture applies this type of creative approach in the building forms in which the biggest possible effect can be achieved. This includes the field of non-manufacturing building forms of housing structures and civic buildings. Thus in modern architecture the extension of the range of application of vegetation elements results in shifting of the limits of their possible and feasible applications and this again leads to the fact that the historic interconnection of co-operation of the building trades and the landscape architecture is stressed even more. Ori­gi­nal treatment and development of the general vegetation motive in the landscape work is definitely clear in any finished projects presented. This implies the search for innovative approach that always shows an original idea of the team of authors in the field of the current creative process.


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