Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 2008, 56, 91-96

https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun200856010091
Published online 2014-11-17

Quality characteristics and antioxidative properties of broccoli cultivars (Brassica Oleracea L. var. italica Plenck)

Marek Gajewski, Paweł Szymczak, Marta Gorczyca, Maja Madejska

Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants, Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, ul. Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland

Quality traits of three broccoli cultivars, which were grown for autumn crop was determined: ‘Chevalier’ F1, ‘Milady’ F1 (cultivars of Dutch origin) and ‘Cezar’ F1 (of Polish origin). Immediately after harvest sensory quality of broccoli was evaluated, using the quantitative descriptive analysis method (QDA). In ‘brainstorming’ session there were chosen 14 attributes (profiles) concerning smell, texture, taste / flavour. Overall quality impression was also scored and hedonic test of broccoli liking was performed. Other quality traits determined were: antioxidant activity, total carotenoids content, vitamin C content, colour parameters in CIE L*a*b* system. These traits were determined separately for florets and stems of broccoli plants, both of which are usable parts of this vegetable. Results showed that investigated cultivars differed in respect of quality traits concerning sensory attributes, antioxidant activi­ty, carotenoids content, vitamin C content and colour parameters. Results showed also that florets of broccoli performed higher antioxidant activity than stems. Carotenoids content in broccoli cultivars was much higher in florets than in stems, but vitamin C content was on similar level in florets and stems of the plants. Florets and stems of all broccoli cultivars differed much in respect of colour parameters – lightness, greenness and yellowness.

References

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